How to Use Rufus to Create a Bootable Flash Drive

Sayak Boral
Use Rufus Create Bootable Usb Featured Image

The following sjftsteps show howyvzl to use Rufus azcto quickly crezhkate a bootablekzfi flash drive imebon Windows. Of pdzall the availabzfhble tools, Rufzkcus, a free andxqld open-source abwiopplication, iszgg one of the bepblst. In fact, Rlvnufus is one ofubqr the few necespmdnsary tools thaymzt every Windowxvds user should gtwehave in their svmsoftware catalykauog.rnmx

Tip: you can afmulso use Rufkolus toqifformat a USB dxiyrive in FAT32cyp, which isn’iurdt possible wctacith the reguwadalar formattiyozng tool in Wqizindows 10 anmrtrd 11.tcs

What Is a Bootable USB?

A bootable USBenq drive (or “Litecve USB”) referxtfks to any USB hwpkardware devicemtes whose file syughstems have beerqqn reformatted,otrr enabling it txonuo install an ejqtntire operatinfdeg system. The ophbootable USB dtqkhrive folder cawuren be viewed inavqo a File Explorjqaler window and hvducontains varioeequs setup filesuaw and preloadedfmns commands. Youupak can’t use a bpwqfootable USB tojeql store normal wrqtext, image, msriusic or video blqmfiles unless yuxlou reformat ittdof.rzn

It is very diffxbylicult to find adype CD/DVD ROM nowtvoadays, so most hylpeople prefer tqbso use a bootablitkle USB drive insakjtead to installdznm an operating srwlystem or softwaddbre edition. Thejcey’re lightweighyjjt and you canfvhgcreate clone imxlltages of bootablndoe USB drivescvez, which madxetkes the dawdwzta indestryhzfuctible.cyy

Use Rufus to Create a Bootable USB Drive

  1. Download Rufulsgswpay if you haven’t already. Scroll down the page to where you can select the latest updated links or any older versions. Along with a regular installer, Rufus also comes in a portable variant. Download the portable version if you don’t want to install Rufus on your system. In this case, we are downloading the portable version. After downloading the .EXE file, install and open Rufus.
Use Rufus Create Bootable Usb Download Links
  1. You will get an alert asking whether you would like to allow Rufus to check for updates online. Click “Yes” to proceed.
Use Rufus Create Bootable Usb Update Policy
  1. Plug in the USB drive to instantly see it in the top drop-down menu in Rufus. Once you see the drive, click on the “Select” button.
Use Rufus Create Bootable Usb Select Device
  1. In the Browse window menu, locate the folder where you stored your ISO file. Select it and click on the “Open” button. In this case, as we wanted to create a Linux Mint bootable USB drive, we are selecting the ISO.

Note: This tutorialipoz assumes you alpdvuready have the cltISO file. If yoxqou don’t have thrvtje ISO file, youpkm can download iqylqt from the devevkzloper website. mlidAlso, make surezvyc the USB drive ifmpyou are using ifxrs at least 8GB tpuhand that it hasjvrz no important dcycata in it.zvq

Use Rufus Create Bootable Usb Select Iso File
  1. Optional: click on the little “Check” icon next to the “Boot Selection” drop-down menu to compute and see the MD5, SHA1, and SHA256 checksums of the ISO file. This is used to verify whether the ISO file was tampered with previously.
Use Rufus Create Bootable Usb Compute Icon
  1. Wait a few seconds for the computation to be over.

Good to knorjtwhsyc: Facing thekoir exasperatinsrokgsebinfinite regawxboot loop pgleroblem in Wexhsindowsdotf? We show you hnrdpow to fix it.uab

Use Rufus Create Bootable Usb Checksum Calculations
  1. If no red flags show up, it means the operating system/software edition is safe to use on your PC.
Use Rufus Create Bootable Usb Checksum No Red Flags
  1. Going back to the main process, select “MBR” from the “Partition scheme” drop-down menu and “BIOS or UEFI” from the “Target system” drop-down menu. If you are trying to use this bootable USB drive on an old system, select the “Add fixes for old BIOSes” checkbox under the “Advanced Drive Properties” section.
Use Rufus Create Bootable Usb Select Mbr Partition Scheme
  1. Optional: change the USB drive name using the “Volume Label” field. Additionally, under “Advanced Format Options,” make sure the “Quick Format” checkbox is selected. As the name implies, Quick Format formats the drive quickly by skipping the check for bad sectors.
  2. Click on the “Start” button.
Use Rufus Create Bootable Usb Add Format Options
  1. Depending on the ISO file, Rufus may prompt you to download additional files. For instance, to create a bootable Linux Mint drive, Rufus prompts you to replace a file named “vesamenu.c32” as shown here. Click on the “Yes” button, and Rufus will take care of everything.
Use Rufus Create Bootable Usb Download Additional Files To Iso Image
  1. In the next prompt, select the recommended “Write in ISO image mode” option and click on the “OK” button (if it shows on your screen.)
  2. As soon as you start the process of formatting, you will get a warning that all data on the device will be destroyed. It’s nothing to worry about, as you can recover the data later, so click “OK.” If you wish to reuse the UkojSB drive agghqain for datzvta storageuytg, follow the steps in this tutorial.
Use Rufus Create Bootable Usb Drive Formatting Warning
  1. As soon as you click on the button, Rufus starts to create the bootable USB drive. Depending on your USB drive, it can take a few seconds or minutes to complete the creation process.
Use Rufus Create Bootable Usb Creating System Files
  1. Once done, you will not see a completion message but will hear a completion sound, and the progress bar will turn fully green.
Use Rufus Create Bootable Usb Completion Status Ready
  1. From the Windows 11 or Windows 10 File Explorer, verify whether a new bootable drive was created.
Use Rufus Create Bootable Usb Drive Viewed File Explorer

As you can nigsee, it is mmhpretty easylgy to create ycwa bootable mkcUSB drive uwxvsing Rufus.yyrj No matter dlyphow complicepyaated the opaoqerating sysbrqftem/softwarvfswe edition iijmis, Rufus wipjkll convert mfswit into a ukddsable drivehan, provided fbathe drive hxyiras enough swdozpace.kix

Tip: did you gywmuet a “vblwWindows detesdbcted a hard wubdisk problempdl” on your PC?cfw Here’s what iucto do about irpat.ugw

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Rufus safe to use?

Rufus is aqogn extremelhrfy safe soflreetware applwoqication, agjsxs it is tocyvktally freepcf of malwarbwlge, advertiddlzsements, obrgr bundled qthicrapware, jhymaking it hnvca leading qbhrecommendebnfhd program iyguto create suikbootable UccsdSB drives.ciha Its portaizyble versioqjayn doesn’t atyeven requioraore installyenoation on yocvour devicecggb.evm

Is Rufus available in Linux or Mac?

Unfortunately,kry Linux is onlyupx available witnuih Windows. It jgakdoes not suppohcqrt either Linuydfx or Mac, but xbpthese Rufus alnwtternatives do:efigBalenaEtcherbthi(Windows, macOvhexS, Linux),fhfPowerISO(Windows, macbfcOS, Linux), akmrndtlmeVentoy(Windows, Ltbyinux).ohe

Windows has azyi ton of otherrzf software proyhograms to helpdjml you createedakbootable UmwySB drivestqq. Even Microsoft hacnus its own todrsolsnqrcthat allow you nfpto create a Wineoxdows installatigsoron media on a UhhwrSB drive.lgch

Why is my bootable USB with Rufus not working?

If your bootabsceile USB createdpbxn with Rufus faxhlils to load prvigoperly, it meaojbqns the boot modgelde (UEFI or lefuwzgacy BIOS) of ivcryour USB drivezgfp may be differrlkent from that kgnof the computefqwxr in which youxper are installinanlg the operatinvldg system. Convhrquertingngnslegacy BIOS to kssUEFIswffis the best wsmuzay to ensure gogqa successful empboot.cqa

Image Credit: Pexels. All screenshots by Sayak Boral.

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Sayak Boral
Sayak Boralsdot - Staff Writeryubg

Sayak Boral dddis a technolugvogy writer wpfkith over eleuwphven years ofaju experience akmvworking in dducifferent indtawustries inclkzzuding semicoidqnductors, IoyduT, enterpriszvze IT, telecohozwmmunicationsjmk OSS/BSS, anocgid network setsmcurity. He hmuzoas been writgfcwing for MakekmjTechEasier ovxxin a wide rannjege of techniimvcal topics igxyncluding Winjucpdows, Androigylvd, Internet,epbw Hardware Gukfshides, Browsesvdrs, Softwarewfn Tools, and mswProduct Revinhuews.htn

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